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THE WESTERN BALKANS - KOSOVO *
Kosovo has an area of 10,887 square kilometers. Most of the terrain is mountainous, and the highest peak is Đeravica with 2,656 m. There are two basic plains, the Metohija basin in the west and the slope of Kosovo in the east. The largest rivers of Kosovo are the Beli Drim and the Ibar. The Sitnica, a tributary of the Ibar, is the longest river that is completely located in Kosovo. Kosovo has ahumid continental climate with Mediterranean and oceanic influence, with warm summers and cold and snowy winters. In the northeast, the Kosovo field and the valley of the Ibar River are dry and more under the influence of continental air masses, with colder winters and very hot summers. In the southwest, Metohija's climatic region receives more Mediterranean influences with warmer summers, slightly higher precipitation (700 mm) and heavy snowfall during winter. Mountains of Prokletije in the west, Shar in the south and Kopaonik in the north have more Alpine climate, with high precipitation (900 to 1,300 mm per year), short and fresh summers and cold winters.
Agriculture in Kosovo *
Agricultural farmsteads are very small. The average size of land per family is about 3.2 ha, of which the average of 1.6 ha is arable land, usually fragmented to 6 to 8 parcels. 97% of estateshas less than 5 ha, while less than 1% of farmsteadsstretch on over 10 ha. Similarly, the size of herds is generally small. Most farming households that breed cattle have 1-3 cows. In addition to being one of the most important sectors of the economy, agriculture also provides a social safety network for a large number of poor and elderly people who depend on agricultural production.
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