High nature value farming:

A concept that protects nature and biodiversity while at the same time facilitates sustainable food production and the development of rural communities.

Why is the concept of high nature value farming important for agriculture?

In the first place, because it implies the preservation of traditional low-intensity farming systems (small and medium-sized farms). Many endangered habitat types and many endangered species also depend on some of the traditional agricultural practices this concept seeks to protect and support.


Click on the country for more detailed information on the current situation and potential for the development of high nature value farming

* This name is without prejudice to status and in line with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 and the opinion of the International Court of Justice on the declaration of Kosovo`s independence

Serbia Kosovo * Montenegro Albania SEVERNA

The Western Balkans
The fertile soil for high nature value farming

In most parts of the Western Balkans, agriculture is the most important branch of economy. For centuries, farmers have been using the high nature potential of this region to perform various agricultural activities. The share of the agricultural area here occupies 40% of the territory, and livestock breeding and land cultivation, as two pillars of agriculture, are deeply rooted in every segment of society.

The Western Balkans, with its exceptional wealth of plant and animal life, is one of the richest parts of Europe in terms of biodiversity. There are many endemic species (species that live only in the Western Balkans) and characteristic habitats, many of which are of European or global importance for preservation. The density of population of different species listed in the Red List of Endangered Species is two to four times higher compared to 15 older EU Member States (EEA, 2010).